Seychelles are particularly vulnerable to earthquakes, floods and tropical cyclones (WB, 2016). Therefore, the Government of Seychelles has been making great efforts in strengthening risk and disaster management (UNISDR, 2015).
Concerning the institutional structure, Seychelles have different committees involved in disaster risk management, namely: the Department of Risk and Disaster Management (formerly called Division of Risk Management); the Disaster Risk Management Committee; the Vulnerability Assessment Committee; and the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Regarding disaster risk management in the country, the main legal instrument is the Disaster Risk Management Act 2014 – which establishes that a National Disaster Risk Management Plan and Strategy must be prepared. In the same way, the UNISDR Report mentions the Seychelles National Risk and Disaster Management Policy of 2008 (UNISDR, 2015). Seychelles also have a Coastal Management Plan 2019-2024.
Despite the political will to address disaster risk reduction and the great efforts, the government identifies the limitation of resources as the main constraint to achieve a successful disaster risk reduction framework (UNISDR, 2015 and Prevention Web, 2019).
- UNISDR (2015). Working Papers on Public Investment Planning and Financing Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction Review of Seychelles. Geneva.
- Prevention Web (2019). HFA National Progress Reports. Retrieved from https://www.preventionweb.net/english/hyogo/progress/reports/
In the Seychelles, the climate is tropical, hot all year round. From November to March, there is a rainy and muggy season due to the northwest monsoon, while from June to September, when the southeast trade winds prevail, there is a dry and slightly cooler season. Tropical rains usually occur in the form of downpours or thunderstorms, and in the Seychelles, they usually occur in the afternoon in the sultry and rainy season, and at night in the driest season (when they are fairly frequent but of short duration).
The average daily temperature is around 26°C in July and August, 27°C in January, and 28°C in March, April, and May, which are the warmest months. However, the temperature varies little both between night and day and between seasons: it rarely exceeds 33°C during the day or drops below 22°C at night.
The Seychelles archipelago is made up of more than a hundred islands, islets and atolls, scattered in the Indian Ocean over a wide area, up to 1,200 kilometers wide; therefore, although they have a fairly homogeneous climate, they still have some differences. The islands can be divided into two groups. In the north, we find the Inner Islands, which include the so-called Granitic Seychelles; among these, there are the largest and most densely populated islands (Mahé, Praslin and La Digue). In the south, we find the Outer Islands, which are flat coral atolls stretched towards the south-west.
As regards to the rains, the northern islands (which are closer to the Equator) are generally rainier than the southern ones. The northernmost islands, at a latitude of 3 degrees south, are Bird Island, where annual precipitation is around 1,950 millimeters, and Denis Island, where it is around 1,700 mm. Mahé, the main island, at a latitude of 4 degrees south, is the rainiest. The southernmost of the Outer Islands are drier, in particular the Farquhar Group, and even more so the Aldabra Group in the south-west, so much so that rainfall drops to 985 mm per year on the island of the same name and to as low as 865 mm on the smaller island of Assumption.
The rain pattern in the Seychelles is quite erratic from year to year, in particular, it can be affected by the so-called ENSO cycle. In El Niño years, it can sometimes rain a lot during the dry season, while the rainy season can be drier than normal. In La Niña years, the opposite happens.
The Seychelles are close to the Equator, in fact, their latitude ranges from 3 to 10 degrees south, which means that the day lasts about 12 hours all year round, and sunset comes quite early.
Regional Platform / DRR Contact Point
Risk reduction Policies, Plans & Strategies
Seychelles Coastal Management Plan (2019-2024)
This Coastal Management Plan consolidates risk information and provides a framework for its use for coastal management, adaptation, and risk management.
Disaster Risk Management Act, 2014 (Act no. 15 of 2014)
An Act to provide for the establishment of the Disaster Risk Management Division for the effective management of disaster through a comprehensive and integrated all-hazard approach and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Seychelles Sustainable Development Strategy (2012-2020) - Vol. 2
The Seychelles Sustainable Development Strategy (SSDS) 2012-2020 is an approved national instrument which incorporates national priorities for sustainable development and lays out a roadmap for the implementation of those priorities.
Documents & Publications
UNISDR Working Papers on Public Investment Planning and Financing Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction: Review of Seychelles
This report summarizes all activities implemented for Seychelles in the context of the joint UNISDR/ISLANDS project entitled "Strengthening Capacities for Unified Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Through the Facilitation of Risk Transfer and Finance Mechanisms" withi
Seychelles: National progress report on the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (2013-2015)
The progress report assesses current national strategic priorities with regard to the implementation of disaster risk reduction actions, and establishes baselines on levels of progress achieved with respect to the implementation of the HFA's five priorities for action.
Building Disaster Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa Program: Result Area 5 (Activity Report 2017 –2018)
This activity report summarizes activities of Result Area 5, also known as the Africa Disaster Risk Financing (ADRF) Initiative from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018.The report provides an overview of the achievements to date and identifies upcoming priorities and challenges.
Disaster Data & Statistics
Disaster risk profile - Seychelles
This disaster risk profile for Seychelles seeks to provide a basis for the future implementation of disaster risk financing through the improved understanding of disaster risks.